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Gastrointestinal Imaging

Gastrointestinal imaging (GI imaging) is a radiology subspecialty concerned with diagnostic radiology of the gastrointestinal tract, including the stomach and intestines. GI imaging technologies and procedures include CT colonography, PET/CT, MRCP, 3D applications of MDCT, CT enteroclysis, MR enteroclysis, gastrointestinal colonoscopy, MR angiography, CT angiography, and video capsule endoscopy.

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Time inevitably brings change. More than six and a half years after Radiology Daily began, this is the final post. Don’t worry! Launching next month will be a free, time-saving monthly e-newsletter, Oakstone’s new Highlights in Radiology. Here’s a taste of what you’ll get:

Insights from respected colleagues in the field of radiology and diagnostic imaging
Physician reviews of—and commentary on—radiology-related articles from … read more »

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A health-insurance company’s “price transparency program” succeeded in driving insured patients to less-expensive MRI facilities and away from hospital-based facilities, according to an article in the current edition of Health Affairs.

The insurer was WellPoint. One of its subsidiaries commissioned the study, and another conducted it. The study looked at more than 100,000 members of WellPoint health plans from 2010 through 2012. … read more »

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An algorithm developed at Mayo Clinic Children’s Center in Rochester, Minnesota, significantly reduces the use of CT scans for children with suspected appendicitis without affecting diagnostic accuracy, according to a study published online in Surgery.

The study looked at 331 emergency-department pediatric patients (18 or younger) who underwent appendectomies for suspected appendicitis. Of the patients, 41 percent were treated in the two years … read more »

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A new, noninvasive technique combining photoacoustic imaging, a nanoscale contrast agent, and PET should provide much-improved functional imaging of the intestine, according to a paper published this month in Nature Nanotechnology.

Jonathan F. Lovell, PhD, senior author of the article, said tests of the new technique on mice look promising:
We could potentially induce a paradigm shift that allows for much more routine … read more »

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The discovery by University of Wisconsin researchers of genes that are necessary for surviving high levels of radiation has potentially big implications for imaging and radiation therapy.

The researchers developed a highly radiation–resistant strain of Escherichia coli by exposing cultures of the bacterium to extreme doses of radiation. “We blasted the cultures until 99 percent of the bacteria were dead,” said Michael M. … read more »

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A new type of nanoparticle actively seeks out cancer cells, then automatically assembles itself into clumps large enough to clearly show up on MRI scans.

Researchers at Imperial College London created the nanoparticle to increase both the sensitivity and specificity of MRI in detecting small, early-stage tumors. Nicholas J. Long, PhD, the Sir Edward Frankland BP Chair of Inorganic Chemistry, explained … read more »

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State regulation of radiologic technologists has “little impact on public health and safety” and should be abolished, according to a staff report of an agency of the Texas Legislature.

Christine Lung, vice president of government relations and public policy for the American Society of Radiologic Technologists, begs to differ:
Everyone knows that radiation is a carcinogen. If performed incorrectly, it’s a direct … read more »

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Newer CT scanners drastically reduce the amount of radiation exposure for patients, according to a new study that involved nine sites in the United States and Saudi Arabia.

The researchers compared radiation exposure from first-generation 64-slice single-source and dual-source scanners to that from the new generation of 128-slice dual-source scanners with high-pitch capability. The newer machines reduced overall dosage by 61 … read more »

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An international team of researchers has found a way to make iron oxide nanoparticles behave usefully for both MRI imaging and treatment of tumors: encase them inside larger silicon and polymer particles.

That creates versatile iron oxide composites that can act as MRI contrast agents, be manipulated with magnets, be heated, and degrade quickly. Normally, you would need different sizes of … read more »

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A breakthrough at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in Berkeley, California, could lead to high-frequency ultrasound imaging with up to 1,000 times higher resolution than today’s medical ultrasounds.

Xiang Zhang, PhD, summed up the research this way:
We have demonstrated optical coherent manipulation and detection of the acoustic phonons in nanostructures that offer new possibilities in the development … read more »

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